Herber Bayer design
Weimar, Dessau, Berlin...America
The first phase of the Bauhaus was in Weimar. It was marked by an idealistic attempt to remove the decadent from Bolshevistic art (Whitford, p.9) The Dessau phase is one of "quasi-scientific ideas gradually replaced Romantic notions of artistic self-expression and brought about important changes in the school's curriculum and teaching methods"(Whitford, p.9) The locations are not significant for change of place, but modification of philosophy. Pure idealism adopted realism. Gropius, Albers, Moholy-Nagy and Bayer, as well as others settled in America after pressure from the Gestapo forced the Bauhaus to close in 1933. They influenced architectural, graphic, interior and industrial design in the United States, but beyond the obvious, they helped develop art school cirriculum.
Originaly launched November 1996.
Last updated 2008.